As introduced in my first article, Phonics is a type of word-recognition technique, whereby the word refers to the relationship between phonemes (word sounds) and graphemes (written symbols).
Phoneme: A single, distinct unit of sound used to distinguish one word from another. Phonemes are enclosed with slanted lines (/ /) to show the relationship between word sounds and the symbols that represent them.
(For example: In the words cat and rat, the letters ‘c’ and ‘r’ represent two distinct sounds. The phonemes /c/ and /r/ make up the only difference in the pronunciation of the two words.)
Grapheme: A printed symbol (letter of the alphabet) that represents a phoneme. Another way to explain it is to say that a grapheme is a letter (or letters) that spells a sound in a word.
When you learn how to sound out the short /a/ and /e/ sounds, you may find that they sound very similar. I have listed some word examples of each of these sounds as follows:
Words with short /a/ sound: ant, cat, man, ball, clap, crab, apple, alligator
Words with short /e/ sound: egg, wet, pen, neck, rest, lemon, elbow, elephant
Check out the following YouTube videos to hear how the short /a/ and short /e/ sounds are pronounced:
Hope you found this useful. Happy learning & reading! 🙂
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